2. Education as a process
2.1 the Essence of education
2.2 areas of education
2.3 parenting Styles
3. Methods of education
The problems of education and training are inextricably linked because these processes are aimed at the person as a whole. Therefore, in practice it is difficult for you
sharing exclusive sphere of influence of training and educational influences on human development. Namely how his emotion, will, character, and motivation, value orientation and intelligence. Even Plato wrote: “.the most important learning we acknowledge proper education”.
“Not enough education not only spoil us, it changed us for the better.” M. Montaigne.
In relation to man education is defined as follows: it is the deliberate exposure of an adult to a child or youth, aiming to bring it to the share of autonomy that is needed for carrying out his purpose of man on earth. It is obvious that art education has arisen from the very beginning of the appearance of man on earth. When did society and the state, it is possible to purely family goals V. joined social and religious. In China since ancient times V. was intended to prepare a person for life in the family and inform him of the wisdom, which included religion and science. So the Chinese have the power of parents over children was boundless, and even the adults had to be obedient to parents. The Hindus and the ancient Egyptians was raised for the well-known castes, so that the child of a warrior or priest was raised differently than a child of other castes: everyone should be useful for their caste and no universal goal of education did not exist. The ancient Persians boys raised multilateral: they had to be brave, honest, loving virtue and shun vices; but it belonged to the boys, and all education was utilitarian in nature, preparing young men of the upper classes to military and administrative activities. V. the Spartans had some similarities with the education of the Persians: according to the laws of Lycurgus, the education in Sparta was public, i.e. all the children were brought up together under the supervision of the government. Boys were taught to moderation, endurance, patience and discipline through corporal exercises they were drafted for military service. All this applied only to the ruling class, namely the Spartans. The Athenians raised primarily family, but the state facilitated the responsibilities of parents, encouraging some institutions where children receive physical and mental education. the ideal of the educated man was at the Athenians wider than the Spartans: from the young man insisted that he was not only strong and agile in the war, but could show these qualities and at the public games; besides, beautiful speech, familiarity with music and native poetry, and some learning was required qualities are well educated Athenian.
During the historical development of pedagogical thought the above process were the focus of attention of scholars and practitioners. Therefore, in our time, education remains the main category of pedagogy. The content of this phenomenon is updated as the development of practical experience, teaching science and its leading doctrines. Public practice of transfer of social experience from the older generation to the younger one has developed much earlier meaning of the term. Therefore, the essence of education is treated from different points of view. In any case as a subject of education is considered the person who is experiencing an impact.
2. Education as a process
2.1 the Essence of education
The essence of education lies in this interaction that the teacher intentionally seeks to influence educate: “what man as man can and should be” (K. D. Ushinsky). That is, education is one of the activities for the transformation of a person or group of people. This practice-transforming activity aimed at changing the mental state, ideology and consciousness, knowledge and ways of activity, personality and values nurtured. The specifics of education finds in the definition of the goals and attitudes of the teacher towards the pupil. In this case, the teacher takes into account the unity of the natural, genetic, psychological and social fact educate, and the age and conditions of life.
The function of educational influence can be realized in different ways, at different levels, with multiple objectives. For example, the people can purposefully to provide for themselves educative influence, driving his psychological state, behavior and activity. In this case we can speak about self-education. Thus from the position of man in relation to himself dependent on the choice of educational goals and ways to achieve it.
Education is the purposeful shaping of personality in order to prepare them to participate in public and cultural life in accordance with the socio-cultural normativnye models.
By definition of academician I. P. Pavlova, education is a mechanism for preserving the historical memory of the population.
The structure of the educational process is the relationship of the main elements: goals and content, methods and means, as well as the achieved results.
Education is a multi-factorial process. It is influenced by the natural environment, life-world and the hierarchy of social values; family, school and University, children and youth organizations; daily and professional activities, art and media.
Among the variety of educational factors distinguish two main groups: objective and subjective.
To the group of objective factors include:
• genetic inheritance and human health;
• social and cultural identity of the family that impact on its immediate surroundings;
• biographical circumstances;
• cultural, professional and social status;
• features of the country and historical era.
Group’s subjective factors are:
• the mental characteristics, ideology, value orientation, intrinsic needs and interests as a teacher and educate;
• the system of relations with society;
• organized educational impact on a person of individuals, groups, associations and the entire community.
In the course of history, there is a need for understanding the process of education, determine its specificity. Namely, for clarification purposes, education levels and their implementation; the specifics of the tools and types of education.
The goal of education is the expected change in the person (or group of people), carried out under the influence of specially trained and systematically carried out educational actions and actions.
As criteria for the evaluation of politeness man:
• “good” as a behavior for the benefit of another person (group, community, society in General);