The Child and the computer
Modern children I talk a lot with TV, video and computer. If the previous generation was a generation of books, modern and receives information through a video series.
We often hear questions such as: how dangerous is a computer for my child? How much time you can spend with him? It does not stop there with the normal development of children?
Let’s try to understand what is a computer program for children, what are their benefits, and what are their shortcomings.
In the works of L. A. Wenger is devoted to the development and education of children of preschool age can find scientific justification and confirmation of how the computer can help the intellectual growth of the child.
On the display screen come to life any fantasy of a child, the heroes of books and fairy tales. But also come to life and the world, numbers and letters. Getting a computer game, they create a special world, like the real, but also different from him. Computer games are made so that the child could not imagine a single concept or a specific situation, but got a General idea about all similar situations or objects. Thus, children develop these crucial operations of thinking as a generalization and classification . which standard training begin to form from 6-7 years.
One of the most important features of computer games and training. Talk more about that and see what’s new may let the computer compared to a human teacher. In these games, the child begins very early to understand what the items on the screen are not real things, but only the signs of these real things. In various games these signs or symbols of real objects become more complex, becoming more and more generalized and less like the surrounding real objects. Thus, children have very early starts to develop so-called symbolic function of consciousness . that is, the understanding that there are multiple levels of reality of the world around us, is and real objects, pictures, diagrams, words and equations, and, finally, it is our thoughts that are the most difficult, the perfect level of reality.
However, the “symbolic function of consciousness” is not only an opportunity to recognize the presence in nature of all these levels, but also underlies the very possibility of thinking without relying on external objects. The importance of such thinking and the complexity of its development is known by many parents say difficulties when teaching children to count or read the “about yourself”. The child continues in a whisper to say the text that was read or own fingers plucked at the score.
Computer games provide an opportunity to facilitate the transition process of mental action plan from an external in the internal, so that the simplest of actions internal to be available for 4-5 year olds
However, a miracle is performed, the computer does not end there. Not only psychologists, but also parents and educators dealing with children on the computer, I noticed that during these exercises improve memory and attention of children . And this is logical, as it corresponds to the laws of mental development of children. In the research of many psychologists Jean piaget, A. Wallon, p. P. Blonsky and other – it had been discovered that small children don’t want to remember, there is no so-called arbitrary memory, i.e., remembering with an early goal. Baby memory involuntary, children only remember the vivid, emotional for them cases or details, and here again is indispensable computer . as it makes significant and dramatic content oshiomogho material . that not only accelerates its retention, but also makes it more meaningful and lasting.
Computer games are of great importance not only for the development of children’s intelligence, but also to develop their motor skills, or rather for the formation of motor coordination and the coordination of joint activities of the visual and motor analyzers .
Many parents of preschool children complain of clumsiness of their children, that they have difficulty repeating complex physical exercises. Some children even to six years did not perceive concepts such as right and left. Such shortcomings do not indicate mental retardation or developmental delay, but hope that they will pass by themselves, also should not be.
Why is a computer quickly and easily can help to overcome this defect, for which even experienced psychologists sometimes it takes a few months. In any of the games, from the simple to the complex, children need to learn to press your fingers on certain keys that develops small muscles of the hand, motor skills of children. The hand actions must be combined with a visible effect on the screen. So, quite naturally, without any additional special training, developed the necessary hand-eye coordination.
Almost all parents know how difficult it can be to bring your child for classes. On the computer the child is with pleasure, and will never object to the proposal to work on the computer. This is because the computer itself is attractive to children as any new toy. So the games on the computer and not perceived by the child classes. And what child doesn’t love to play.
Thus, the interest generated by training on the computer, and underlies the formation of these important structures . as cognitive motivation, arbitrary memory and attention . The development of these qualities is particularly important for six-year-old children, as they mainly provide psychological readiness of the child to the school .
And so the computer develops a variety of intellectual skills. But there is one “but”. We should not forget about the Golden mean, about normal. Any drug can be a poison if not taken in reasonable doses. You need to understand that the computer is not a magic wand that one hour of play will make your child smart and immediately developed. As with any exercise, computer games require time, proper application, patience and care from adults. There are certain time limits. So children 3-4 years old are not recommended to sit in front of a screen more than 20 minutes, and the guys 6-7 years you can increase the time daily to half an hour of the game.
Unfortunately, often you can see the children who crossed the bounds of reason in communication with the computer. Excessive obscene with the computer can not only lead to the deterioration of the child’s perspective . but also have a negative impact on his mental health . With all the advantage of computer games, even so they give us the illusion of companionship and not lead to the formation of real communication skills. This is especially dangerous for shy children . Real communication gives them emotional stress, puts them in a situation of distress, and then replaced pseudoobscura. The computer gives the opportunity to travel to another world, which you can see to play with. At the same time the child more otvechaet real world where he faces negative evaluation and the need to change something in yourself.Such care in an artificial reality can shape the child’s psychological similarity, depending on your computer.
And even so, the computer is our future. Work on it teaches children a new way, more simple and quick, receive, and process information. And the ability to obtain the necessary material to work quickly and to process accelerates and optimizes the process of thinking . helps not only learn more but also better, more to meet the new challenges. On the other hand – you cannot rely only on the computer. In the development of real communication skills computer skills can play a supporting role only.